Technology and The Global Society

TECH 330
Technology and The Global Society
Technology
• Artifacts or Hardware: Products fabricated by humans to meet specific needs. Tools,
machines, implements.
• Knowledge and Methods: A system of tacit and explicit knowledge, techniques, and
materials utilized in using, making, or repairing a certain kind of artifact.
• A human cultural activity or profession: e.g. military or civil engineers, crafters,
machinists.
• A total societal enterprise: e.g. “American technological know-how.” R&D, invention,
patronage, mass production and mass consumption.
Global Society
The term global society is used to refer to a society that is being built in
modern times in which all the people of the world have a good deal in
common with one another. This is arising as a result of the increasing
globalization that is going on in the world today.
Technological Changes
• Home
• School
• Workplace
Education
1. Internet
• Classrooms
• Library
• Web Quests
2. Online tests
3. Distance Learning
4. Computer-Based Learning
5. Simulations
Factors affecting education are:
Web Quests
• Definition: Uses the Internet for investigation and problem solving
• Created by Bernie Dodge at San Diego State University.
• Check out this link:
• www.macomb.k12.dmis.us/wq/webqindx.htm
Distance Learning
• Definition: Using technology, the Internet, as a medium for schooling or learning
• Department of Education supports Star Schools Program
• Provides distance learning to millions of learners annually.
• Florida High School Online
• Any high school student who is a resident in Florida can attend
• Certified diploma-granting school
• Programs that provide guidance and testing for online courses
• WebCt
• Blackboard
Computer Based Learning
• Also known as Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI)
• Definition: using a computer as a tutor.
• A special computer program used to help to reinforce a difficult concept.
• Advantage: provides the opportunity to master the idea by reviewing as many
times as necessary
Simulations
• Definition: models real-world activities and you learn by doing
• Examples
• Stock Market Game
• By playing the game you learn about finance and the American economic system
• Go to www.smgww.org
• Rocket Simulation
• allows you to design any size rocket, and then you can simulate its flight to see how high, and how fast it
will fly.
• SimCity
• Great to enhance problem-solving skills. It allows the user to create a city, including highways, buildings,
homes, and so forth.
• Go to www.simcity.com
Scientific Discovery and Technological
Innovations
• Artificial Intelligence (AI)- processes information on its own without human intervention.
• Examples:
• Games playing – where most advances have been made
• Natural Language – offers the greatest potential rewards by allowing people to interact easily with
computers by talking to them
• Expert systems – computer programs that help us make decision. May help your parents
determine the best type of insurance for their particular needs
• Robotics – used in assembly plants, such as for cars. The newest type is called a bot which is used
by search engines.
Scientific Discovery
• Genetic Engineering – refers to DNA in a living organism
• Benefits
• Increasing resistance to disease
• Enabling a plant or animal to do something it would not typically do
• Enabling a fruit to ripen without getting squashy
• One of the most widely known projects is: Human Genome Project coordinated by Department of
Energy and National Institute of Health
• Goal is to identify all of the approximately 100,000 genes in human DNA
• Store and analyze the data
• Address the ethical, legal, and social issues
Scientific Discovery
• Virtual Reality – an artificial environment that feels like a real
environment created with computer hardware and software.
• There is more of a feeling of being in the actual environment using all or
almost all of the 5 senses
• The user is immersed through some head-mounted device (helmet).
• Used in education, training, medicine, research, and other areas
Global Economy
• Banking, finance, commerce (printed money is on its way to becoming obsolete)
• Affects the way information and money is transmitted
• Electronic commerce: having an online business
• Buy
• Sell
• Internet speed will increase because of cable modems and DSL
• Digital cash
• Definition: allows someone to pay by transmitting a number from one computer to another.
• Numbers are issued by a bank.
• Each number is unique
E-Commerce
Disadvantages:
• SPAM
• Junk mail sent to your email address
Advantages:
• New Jobs
• Webmasters
• Programmers
• Network managers
• Graphics Designers
• Web Developers
Personal Lives
• 21st century home becomes the center for work, entertainment, learning and health care
• Technological advances that affect our personal lives:
• Clothes that fight odor and bacteria
• Flying car
• SkyCar is able to operate in a less restrictive area than a helicopter and is less expensive and safer.
• Voice recognition will allow us to talk to computers or computer-like devices and they will respond.
• Nonlethal weapons-HSV Technologies Inc., of San Diego, California developed a non-lethal weapon in 2000
that uses ultraviolet laser beams to harmlessly immobilize people and animals at a distance
Personal Lives
• Technological advances
• Space travel
• Companies developing a fleet of space commercial vehicles to provide public space travel
• Smart shoes and seats – a technology called expansive polymer gel uses a micro voltage to expand or contract the gel
to evenly distribute heat and weight
• Smart houses
• Keeps a house comfortable
• Monitors electricity being used
• Helps plan and prepare healthy meals
• Monitors devices and schedules maintenance
• Online shopping
• No longer having to fight crowds and search for parking spaces
Technology and the Global Society
• Artificial Intelligence
• Robotics
• Social Media
• Nanotechnology
• Biotechnology
• Global Warming
• Alternative Energy
Artificial Intelligence
• Artificial intelligence (AI) is the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines,
especially computer systems. Specific applications of AI include expert systems, natural
language processing (NLP), speech recognition and machine vision.
• Automation
• Machine Learning
• Machine Vision
• Natural Language Processing
• Robotics
Robotics
• This field of engineering focuses on the design and manufacturing of robots.
• Robots are often used to perform tasks that are difficult for humans to perforSocial media is a
phrase that we throw around a lot these days, often to describe what we post on sites and apps
like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Snapchat and others.m or perform consistently.
• They are used in assembly lines for car production or by NASA to move large objects in space.
• Researchers are also using machine learning to build robots that can interact in social settings.
Social Media
• Social media refers to websites and applications that are designed to
allow people to share content quickly, efficiently, and in real-time.
• Social media is a phrase that we throw around a lot these days, often
to describe what we post on sites and apps like Facebook, Twitter,
Instagram, Snapchat and others.
Nanotechnology
• Nanotechnology, the manipulation and manufacture of materials and
devices on the scale of atoms or small groups of atoms.
• Nanotechnology is highly interdisciplinary, involving physics,
chemistry, biology, materials science, and the full range of the
engineering disciplines.
Biotechnology
Biotech is helping to heal the world by harnessing nature’s own toolbox and using our own genetic
makeup to heal and guide lines of research by:
• Reducing rates of infectious disease;
• Saving millions of children’s lives;
• Changing the odds of serious, life-threatening conditions affecting millions around the world;
• Tailoring treatments to individuals to minimize health risks and side effects;
• Creating more precise tools for disease detection; and
• Combating serious illnesses and everyday threats confronting the developing world.
Alternative Energy
Alternative Energy refers to energy sources other than fossil fuels.
• Wind. An abundant source of renewable energy, wind power is used as a means of
generating electricity.
• Solar
• Biomass
• Geothermal
• Hydro Power
• Biofuels
Video Surveillance
• Surveillance is the monitoring of behavior, activities, or information for the purpose of influencing,
managing or directing. This can include observation from a distance by means of electronic equipment,
such as closed-circuit television (CCTV), or interception of electronically transmitted information, such
as Internet traffic. It can also include simple technical methods, such as human intelligence gathering
and postal interception.
• Surveillance is used by governments for intelligence gathering, prevention of crime, the protection of a
process, person, group or object, or the investigation of crime. It is also used by criminal organizations
to plan and commit crimes, and by businesses to gather intelligence on their competitors, suppliers or
customers.
Summary
• Many people predict that technology will change the entire structure of education.
• Technology is having a tremendous impact on education.
• The Internet and the World Wide Web are the biggest factors affecting education today.
• Online courses through the Internet are becoming very popular.
• Many schools use computer-based learning to reinforce concepts.
• Simulations are models of real-world activities.
Summary (cont’d)
• Information is continuing to increase faster than we can process it.
• Some people predict an anti-technology backlash.
• Artificial intelligence is software that can process information on its own without
human intervention.
• Genetic engineering refers to changing the DNA in a living organism.
Summary (cont’d)
• Virtual reality is an artificial environment that feels like a real environment and is used in education,
training, medicine, research, and other areas.
• In the new global economy, knowledge is the greatest asset.
• Electronic commerce is the buying and selling of goods and services using the Internet and is predicted
to grow at an ever-increasing rate.
• Digital cash allows someone to pay online by transmitting a number from one computer to another.
• New jobs and new job categories are being developed because of the Internet and electronic
commerce.
Video 1: Robotics

YouTube video

Video 2: Nanotechnology
YouTube video


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